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Born:             July 1, 1947, Sandefjord, Norway

Citizenship:  Norwegian


Academic position:

Law degree, 1975, from the Faculty of Law, University of Oslo

  •          Since 1971:            Employed at the same Law Faculty
  •          1971-1976:           Research assistant
  •          1976-1979:           Research scholar
  •          1979-1985:           Lecturer
  •          Since 1985:            Associated professor

Main areas for research and teaching: Jurisprudence, constitutional law and international human rights law


Other positions

  • Legal advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Advisor on humanitarian and international law to the Chief of Defence (according to the Geneva conventions and protocols).


International positions

  • Since 2007: President of the "European Commission for Democracy through Law (The Venice Commission)".
  • Since 1996: Member of the Editorial Board of "Nordic Journal of International Law".
  • Since 1990:  Norwegian representative to the "European Commission for Democracy through Law (The Venice Commission)".
  • 1993-1998:  Chairman-Rapporteur of this Working Group. During the last two years, mandated by the Working Group to conduct inter-sessional negotiations to establish a consensus text. The Declaration was later adopted by the Human Rights Commission (April 1998) and the General Assembly (9 December 1998) (The Declaration on "Human Rights Defenders".
  • Since 1989:  Alternate member of the UN Subcommission on Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
  • Since 1986: Norwegian representative to the UN Working Group established to draft a "Declaration on the right and responsibility of individuals, groups and organs of society to promote and protect universally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms".
  • Since 1978: Member of Norwegian delegations to numerous human rights meetings and conferences within UN, Council of Europe, OSCE/CSCE.


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