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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Mr Sokol BERBERI
    Lecturer, Albanian School of Magistrates, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Ms Elira KOKONA (Substitute member)
    Deputy Secretary General, Council of Ministers of Albania

Algeria

Andorra

  • Mr Pere VILANOVA TRIAS
    Emeritus Professor of Political Science and Constitutional Law, University of Barcelona

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

  • Mr Warren NEWMAN
    Senior General Counsel, Constitutional Law, Department of Justice

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Professor of Administrative Law, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Ms Sanja BARIC (Substitute member)
    Professor, Law Faculty, University of Rijeka

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

  • Mr Tuomas OJANEN
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Law Faculty, University of Helsinki
  • Mr Janne SALMINEN (Substitute member)
    Full Professor of Public Law, Vice Dean of the Public Law Faculty, University of Turku

France

Georgia

  • Mr Mindia UGREKHELIDZE
    Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Professor, Head of the Department for Legal Studies, Caucasus International University

Germany

  • Ms Angelika NUSSBERGER
    Former Vice-President, European court of Human Rights, Professor, University of Cologne, Director, Institute for Eastern European Law
  • Ms Monika HERMANNS (Substitute member)
    Justice, Federal Constitutional Court

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr András Zs. VARGA
    President of Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary), Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Pázmány Péter Catholic University
  • Mr András MÁZI (Substitute member)
    Chief Advisor to the Dean of the Faculty of Public Governance and International Studies, University of Public Service, Chief Advisor at the Kúria (Supreme Court of Hungary)

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

  • Mr Dan MERIDOR
    Lawyer, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice
  • Mr Barak MEDINA (Substitute member)
    Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Italy

  • Ms Marta CARTABIA
    Minister of Justice, Former President, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Cesare PINELLI (Substitute member)
    Head of the Public Law Section, Legal Science Department, "La Sapienza" University

Kazakhstan

  • Mr Igor Ivanovich ROGOV
    Deputy Executive Director, Chairman of the Commission on Human Rights, Nursultan Nazarbayev Foundation
  • Ms Unzila SHAPAK (Substitute member)
    Member, Constitutional Council

Korea, Republic

Kosovo

  • Mr Qerim QERIMI
    Professor, Law Faculty, University of Pristina
  • Mr Kushtrim ISTREFI (Substitute member)
    Assistant Professor of Human Rights Law and Public International Law, the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM), Utrecht University

Kyrgyzstan

  • Mr Aiaz BAETOV
    Minister of Justice
  • Mr Murat UKUSHEV (Substitute member)
    Head of Legal Support Department, Administration of the President of the Republic

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

  • Mr Michael FRENDO
    Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Former Speaker of the House of Representatives

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

  • Ms Domnica MANOLE
    President, Constitutional Court
  • Ms Olesea STAMATE (Substitute member)
    MP, Chair of the Committee for Legal Affairs, Immunities and Appointments, Parliament

Monaco

  • M. Bertrand MATHIEU
    Professor, Faculty of Law, Sorbonne-University Paris I, Senior Member of the Council of State, Vice-President of IACL
  • M. Christophe SOSSO (Substitute member)
    Defence Lawyer, Court of Appeal

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIĆ
    Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Montenegro
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice

Morocco

Netherlands

  • Mr Ben VERMEULEN
    Member and Judge, Dutch Council of State, Professor of Education Law, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Mr Martin KUIJER (Substitute member)
    Judge, Supreme Court

North Macedonia

  • Ms Renata DESKOSKA
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Law Faculty “Iustinianus Primus”, Former Minister of Justice

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Mr Bogdan Lucian AURESCU
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Member of the UN International Law Commission
  • Mr Sebastian RĂDULEȚU (Substitute member)
    Professor, Law Faculty, University of Craiova

San Marino

  • Mr Francesco MAIANI
    Professor of EU Law, Law Faculty, University of Lausanne
  • Ms Altea ROSSI (Substitute member)
    Researcher in international law, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ernest PETRIČ
    Former Judge and President, Constitutional Court, Former Ambassador, Professor (New University), Senior Adviser to the President of the Republic
  • Ms Verica TRSTENJAK (Substitute member)
    Professor of European Union Law, Former Advocate General, European court of Justice

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tunisia

Türkiye

  • Mr Yavuz ATAR
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Ibn Haldun University
  • Ms Melek SARAL (Substitute member)
    Associate Professor, Social Sciences University of Ankara, Professorial Research Associate, SOAS, University of London

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States of America

  • Mr Paolo CAROZZA
    Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Notre Dame Law School
  • Mr James P. KELLY III (Substitute member)
    President, Solidarity Center for Law and Justice

Associate Member

Belarus (suspended)

Observer

Argentina

Holy See

Japan

  • Mr Hikaru IWAKI
    Consul, Consulate General of Japan in Strasbourg, liaison officer, Supreme Court
  • Mr Masakazu DOI (Substitute member)
    Professor, Kyoto University Graduate School of Law

Uruguay

Others

European Union

  • Mr Lucio GUSSETTI
    Director – Principal Legal Adviser, European Commission - Legal Service - CFSP and External relations Team
  • Ms Mihaela CARPUS CARCEA
    Legal Advisor, European Commission - Legal Service CFSP and External relations Team

Palestine* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue.

South Africa

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