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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Ms Aurela ANASTAS
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana
  • Mr Artur METANI (Substitute member)
    Deputy General Secretary, Director of Department of Legislation, Monitoring of Programmes and Anticorruption, Council of Ministers

Algeria

Andorra

Armenia

  • Mr Gagik G. HARUTYUNYAN
    President, Supreme Judicial Council
  • Mr Ara KHZMALYAN (Substitute member)
    Partner, ADWISE Business and Legal Consulting LLC
  • Mr Vardan POGHOSYAN (Substitute member)
    Team Leader Armenia, GIZ Programme "Legal Approximation towards European Standards in the South Caucasus"

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

  • Mr Warren NEWMAN
    Senior General Counsel, Constitutional, Administrative and International Law Section, Department of Justice

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Professor of Administrative Law, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Mr Toma GALLI (Substitute member)
    Director, Directorate of International Law, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Georgia

  • Mr Mindia UGREKHELIDZE
    Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Professor, Head of the Department for Legal Studies, Caucasus International University
  • Mr Alexander BARAMIDZE (Substitute member)
    Practising Lawyer

Germany

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr András Zs. VARGA
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor, Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
  • Mr András MÁZI (Substitute member)
    Head of Department of Constitutional Law, Ministry of Justice

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

  • Mr Dan MERIDOR
    Lawyer, Former Prime Minister and Minister of Justice
  • Mr Barak MEDINA (Substitute member)
    Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Italy

Kazakhstan

Korea, Republic

  • Mr Suk-Tae LEE
    Justice, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Yonggu LEE (Substitute member)
    Deputy Minister for Legal Affairs, Ministry of Justice

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

  • Mr Aivars ENDZIŅŠ
    Former President of the Constitutional Court, Head of the Department of Public Law, Turiba School of Business Administration
  • Mr Gunars KŪTRIS (Substitute member)
    Former President, Constitutional Court, Member of Parliament

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

  • Mr Michael FRENDO
    Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Former Speaker, House of Representatives

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

Monaco

  • Mr Bertrand MATHIEU
    Professor, Faculty of Law, Sorbonne-University Paris I, Senior Member of the Council of State, Vice-President of IACL
  • Mr Christophe SOSSO (Substitute member)
    Defence Lawyer, Court of Appeal

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIC
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Montenegro
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Justice

Morocco

Netherlands

  • Mr Ben VERMEULEN
    Member and Judge, Dutch Council of State, Professor of Education Law, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Mr Martin KUIJER (Substitute member)
    Senior Legal Adviser, Ministry of Security and Justice, Professor, VU University Amsterdam

North Macedonia

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Mr Tudorel TOADER
    Minister of Justice, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Bogdan Lucian AURESCU (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Member of the UN International Law Commission, Presidential Advisor for Foreign Policy

Russia

  • Ms Taliya KHABRIEVA
    Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law
  • M. Anatoli KOVLER (Substitute member)
    Head of the Center of Legal Problems of Integration and International Co-operation, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law, Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ciril RIBIČIČ
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Ljubljana, Former Justice and Vice President of the Constitutional Court
  • Mr Aleš GALIČ (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tunisia

Turkey

  • Mr Yavuz ATAR
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Ibn Haldun University
  • Ms Melek SARAL (Substitute member)
    Marie Curie Research Fellow, School of Law, SOAS University of London

Ukraine

  • Mr Serhiy HOLOVATY
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor of Constitutional Law, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, President, Ukrainian Legal Foundation

United Kingdom

United States of America

  • Mr Paolo CAROZZA
    Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Notre Dame Law School

Associate Member

Belarus

Observer

Argentina

Holy See

Japan

Uruguay

Special status

Palestine* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue.

South Africa

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